Previous Events

Energy and agriculture from a banker's perspective

Friday, September 10, 2021

The presentation in PDF is here.

The forum recording is here. Use passcode: p$Zg9*=S

For information on solar panel recycling, which was brought up in the discussion, go here.

Presenter: Kent Thiesse, Senior Vice President, MinnStar Bank

Kent Thiesse has over 40 years of experience in farm management and agricultural lending with MinnStar Bank and the U of M Extension Service. He writes a monthly column on agriculture for MN Valley Business. He serves on the Lake Crystal Welcome Memorial School Board, and is active in the Independent Bankers of MN, GreenSeam, SCC Center for Agriculture, MN Farm Bureau, MN Famers Union, MN Agri-Growth Council and Farmfest.


Energy and climate issues in the Minnesota legislature: What happened this year and what's coming up in 2022

Friday, August 6

Panelists: Sen. Nick Frentz, North Mankato; Sen. David Senjem, Rochester; Rep. Luke Frederick, Mankato; Rep. Jeremy Munson, Lake Crystal; Rep. Susan Akland, St. Peter

KEYC video coverage here: "State leaders discuss electric cars, solar at forum"

Mankato Free Press news coverage here: "Forum highlights clash over electric vehicles, solar"

The forum recording is available at:

https://socrates.zoom.us/rec/share/ZoUociX1ITZHYBzIg0LnSaE0ENUBEJtuK15aHZ-slL-VQ1cA_y4lr0mSXElNz_uU._PCh9wqISTDrLGHy Passcode: zK?0L05k


The League of Women Voters tackles climate change

Friday, July 9, 2021

The presentation recording is here.

Presenter: Michelle Witte, Executive Director of the League of Women Voters Minnesota, on the League's Climate Change Task Force

Michelle Witte is the Executive Director of the League of Women Voters of Minnesota (LWVMN) and a former school board member. Michelle shared how the League of Women Voters has engaged in successful advocacy for over 100 years, and has recently prioritized climate change as a key issue for our democracy. Michelle reviewed the LWV United States Climate Change Tool Kit, LWVMN's Climate Change Task Force, and discussed how we can harness the power of coalitions and collaboration to save the planet. Michelle also reviewed the Walz Climate Report Card advocacy project, which LWVMN supported this past session.

Plus:

An introduction to Clean Energy Resource Teams Seed Grants from Southeast CERTs Director Chris Meyer.


Waste and Energy: Where do we go from here?

Friday, June 11, 2021

The presentation PDF is here. The presentation video is here.

Presenter: Molly Kjellesvig, Recycling / Sustainability Specialist for Blue Earth County

With the rise of renewable energy has come the promise that renewable energy components have a lifespan of 20-30 years. As wind turbine blades and solar panels are reaching the end of their lifespan, many are questioning where do they go now? Are they recycled? Are they put in a landfill? Molly Kjellesvig discusses the waste and recycling processes for renewable energy components, as well as where the future of waste-to-energy is headed. Is waste-to-energy a sustainable option for producing energy and managing waste?

Molly Kjellesvig is the Recycling / Sustainability Specialist at Blue Earth County. She is also the committee head for the Blue Earth County Recycling Education Committee and chairperson for South Eastern Minnesota Recyclers Exchange (SEMREX).

In her role at the County she develops new programs and educates the Blue Earth County community on solid waste, recycling, and sustainability. She works alongside organizations like Mankato Area Zero Waste and the Blue Earth Project to promote a cleaner and greener future for Blue Earth County. During her time at the County, she compiled information on how to properly dispose of nearly 600 items according to the waste hierarchy for residents in a tool called Waste Wizard. You can visit the Waste Wizard tool at www.blueearthcountymn.gov/ww.

Molly holds an M.S. in Sustainable Management from the University of Wisconsin-Superior.


Charging Ahead: New Developments in the Battery Industry

Friday, May 14

Presenter: Dr. Simon Clark, coordinator of the HYDRA battery project at SINTEF, one of Europe’s largest independent research organisations. He will be making his presentation from Norway.

Presentation slides: "Trends in Battery industry & Research"

Also from Dr. Clark: "Battery 2030: Inventing the Sustainable Batteries of the Future"

Batteries have become a central part of our daily lives. From the small batteries that power our smart phones and mobile devices to gargantuan batteries that can power an entire city, these devices are a cornerstone of the modern technological landscape. But what actually goes on inside a lithium-ion battery? How have developers managed to reduce the cost of batteries by nearly 90% within the last ten years? And what does the future hold for battery technology in the age of the Gigafactory? In this talk, battery researcher Dr. Simon Clark discusses how the battery industry got to where it is today, what challenges it faces in the coming decade, and what exciting new developments are on the horizon.

Dr. Simon Clark is a research scientist and engineer developing new battery technology. After earning his B.Sc. in Mechanical Engineering at Georgia Tech in 2009, he worked as a design simulation consultant to the spaceflight industry. He began developing novel battery chemistries in 2012 and earned his Ph.D. in Computational Electrochemistry in Germany through cooperation with the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and Helmholtz Institute Ulm (HIU). Since 2018, he has worked as a research scientist at SINTEF Industry in Trondheim, Norway.

Currently, Dr. Clark coordinates the European research project HYDRA, which seeks to improve both the energy density and sustainability of Li-ion batteries. He leads the development of the Battery Interface Ontology (BattINFO) to support battery digitalization and interoperability of data, and he consults to the Li-ion cell manufacturing industry.


Heat their homes or buy food? Minnesotans shouldn't have to choose

Friday, April 9, 2021

Clean Energy Resource Teams (CERTs) Under 5% Campaign and Community Partnerships

Presenters: Chris Meyer, Southeast CERTs Coordinator, and Lissa Pawlisch, CERTs Director for the University of Minnesota Regional Sustainable Development Partnerships

The recording is below. Note that the first few minutes are missing due to a technical error.

https://socrates.zoom.us/rec/share/Xkecc3yonWQcyFFRAzkl7e_0_FGrJCy10l8lPxENVPvzE3dfiNP3Ej0IBbxlLjFF.o-t5Y1QYMNddpWE_ Passcode: y+edX9M!

View the slide presentation.

See also "Reducing energy burden in Greater Minnesota" and "Energy Assistance Program changes made to help during COVID-19".


Sustainability the Swedish way: Transition and development — with a special emphasis on climate and energy

Friday, March 12, 2021

Presenter: Magnus Fredricson, Strategist for Sustainable Development with the Skaraborg Association of Municipalities, Sweden

The presentation is here. The meeting recording is here. (Unfortunately, we forgot to start the recording right away, so it begins about a minute into Mr. Fredricson's presentation.)


What is Clean Energy Economy MN (CEEM) and how are businesses helping Minnesota become carbon-free?

Friday, February 12, 2021

Presenter: Virginia Rutter, Manager of Community Relations, Clean Energy Economy MN (CEEM)

The forum recording can be accessed at:

https://socrates.zoom.us/rec/share/Tcbhq6xLW8dFBta4FzJd-tdjRPBZAmPDiXzNdq_tKn1lJW7wFwPQM6i0l8Zk0lsn.8Ki7wP5NyLxcWrff

Access Passcode: S^xR46%J

Founded in 2016, Clean Energy Economy MN (CEEM) provides the business voice for energy efficiency and clean energy in Minnesota. Virginia Rutter leads the organization’s outreach and engagement efforts.


What is the Minnesota Public Utilities Commission and how does it work?

Friday, January 8, 2021

With Joe Sullivan, Vice-chair, Minnesota Public Utilities Commission

Joe Sullivan has been a repeat presenter to the Southcentral Minnesota Clean Energy Council, first as Manager of Strategic Relations for the Center for Energy and Environment and then as Deputy Commissioner of the Department of Commerce, Division of Energy Resources. He was appointed to the Minnesota Public Utilities Commission by Governor Tim Walz, effective April 6, 2020, and appointed to Vice-chair on May 21, 2020. Joe also serves as a member of the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC).

The presentation is here.


Energy Programs at the Minnesota Chamber of Commerce

Friday, December 11, 2020

A conversation with Jessica Beyer, President and CEO of Greater Mankato Growth

PLUS: An introduction to the Energy Smart program for businesses with Michael Atkinson, Energy Specialist at the Minnesota Chamber of Commerce

Check out this YouTube site for Minnesota Chamber of Commerce Energy Smart videos.

Ms. Beyer has been with Greater Mankato Growth since November 2019 when she was appointed as President & Chief Executive Officer. Most recently, she served as Waseca County administrator.


An Update on Energy Issues in the Minnesota Legislature

Friday, November 13, 2020

Presenter: Minnesota State Sen. Nick Frentz

Sen. Frentz is the Assistant Minority Leader in the Minnesota Senate and Chair the Senate DFL Clean Energy & Climate Change Caucus. He is a longtime attorney in the greater Mankato area and holds a B.A. from Macalester College and a J.D. from William Mitchell College of Law.


Juhl Energy

Friday, October 9, 2020

Presenter: Clay Norrbom, Managing Director for Juhl Clean Energy Assets

Clay Norrbom is the Managing Director for Juhl Clean Energy Assets. Juhl Energy has been involved in the wind power industry for more than 35 years and has extensive experience in the design, manufacture, operation and maintenance of wind.

Clay presented on the status of the Juhl Energy Development, Power Engineers Collaborative and the Clean Energy Assets companies.

Meeting recording:

https://socrates.zoom.us/rec/share/n9Odz5ohSvYyuPy2SbR_rf9a_58exaTVt3CR7ISBv9rou7ONIyDQlSQ7YdQFV8fb.EgJWmRQ0w5De8V8N

Access Passcode: 0a3Wm#p*


The Nature Conservancy's Program on Green energy

Friday, September 11, 2020

Michael Fuhr and Sachi Graber of the Nature Conservancy presented on the recently completed Clean and Green Pathways for the Global Renewable Energy Buildout report. Topics included planning and procurement, siting and design, incentives for renewable energy on brownfield sites, corporate adoption of renewable energy, and financing renewable energy.

View video. Passcode (if needed): iV8Wj&Xp


City of Mankato Sustainability Program

Friday, August 14, 2020

Rick Baird, Environmental Sustainability Coordinator for the City of Mankato, will present on his work as a "water sleuth", tracking and finding water leaks and pollution in the wastewater system. He will also discuss future plans of the city toward reducing energy use, moving towards renewable energy sourcing, and working to provide access to renewable energy for low income households.

You can view it here:

https://socrates.zoom.us/rec/share/yeFyNKje8ztIZK_cx1z1e5EeMKrFX6a80XBMrPtczk0W7MN8L3_no2do_hgxA1mk

Password: 02$88i9f


Friday, July 10, 2020

The Zoom video recording is here. Password: 9K?Qh585. The actual meeting starts at 1 minute.

Presenters: Deb Groebner, Southern YES! Coordinator, and Mankato West High School YES! Team

YES! is a unique youth program that develops youth leaders while inspiring widespread adoption of renewable energy technologies, waste, and energy conservation best practices, local foods, habitat restorations, and water quality and conservation improvement projects. Deb Groebner, Southern YES! Coordinator, will share about the YES! mission and local teams and Eric Koser and a Mankato West student will share an update on the CERTs Seed Grant awarded to the Mankato West YES! team to update lighting at the school.


What is SolSmart and how can cities and counties benefit?

Download the presentation here.

Friday, March 13, 2020

Presenter: Brian Ross, AICP, LEED GA — Program Director, Great Plains Institute

SolSmart recognizes cities, counties, and regional organizations for making it faster, easier, and more affordable to go solar. A national team of experts provides no-cost technical assistance to help communities become "open for solar business."


Rural Energy Issues in Minnesota

Friday, February 14, 2020

Presenter: Erik Hatlestad, Clean Up the River Environment (CURE) and the Local Energy Project

CURE’s Energy Democracy Program is uniquely focused on strategies to impact climate, energy, and environmental justice decisions affecting rural residents. Energy Democracy is about building power to address linkages between environmental challenges, inequities, and other systemic challenges facing our communities.

Referenced in Erik's presentation:


What's coming up on energy issues in the 2020 Minnesota legislative session

Friday, January 10, 2020

Sen. Nick Frentz (DFL, Mankato)

Virginia Rutter, Nokomis Partners — A developer's perspective on how local energy solutions will play a role in the energy transition. Ms. Rutter will discuss Nokomis's take on the opportunities for small and large utilities to capture the benefits of locally sited generation. Her presentation is here.

KEYC news coverage here.


What's next for energy storage and electric vehicles?

Friday, December 13, 2019

Download Alan Wernke's Presentation

Presenter: Alan Wernke, DataInsights

Alan Wernke is a longtime electric vehicle advocate and Tesla owner. His latest passion and interest is battery technologies.

Professionally, Wernke is an internationally experienced Information Management Technology executive and entrepreneur, with 30+ years of business and technology experience. He specializes in growing businesses, especially in the business intelligence, custom software development, professional services outsourcing and analytics realms.

His vertical experience spans energy (solar and clean tech., retail (Target Stores), software (Microsoft), healthcare (payer, provider and device) and social media (started and sold two Internet companies).


Consumer energy advocacy: towards affordable clean energy

Friday, November 8, 2019

Presenter: Carmen Carruthers, Outreach Director, Citizens Utility Board of Minnesota

The Citizens Utility Board (CUB) of Minnesota is a nonprofit advocate for Minnesota’s utility consumers. CUB Minnesota advocates for affordable and reliable utility service and clean energy for Minnesota residents and small businesses.

CUB is committed to reducing the costs and environmental impacts of energy for the people of Minnesota by improving public policy, educating consumers about energy options, and offering personalized guidance on how to lower electricity and natural gas bills. Using extensive knowledge of Minnesota regulations and laws, it is dedicated to protecting consumers, supporting the stewardship of our natural resources, and holding utility companies accountable.


Friday, October 11, 2019

Download Vicki O'Day's presentation

On average, low-income households must spend about a fifth of their total income on energy-related expenses, straining already tight budgets. Since 2000, Rural Renewable Energy Alliance (RREAL) has been providing solar energy assistance to low-income families and communities as a sustainable solution to energy poverty.

Presenter:

Vicki O'Day — Vicki O’Day's early career spanned twenty years in the financial services industry where she helped people invest for their futures then later focused on development of new products and services. She’s an active advocate for advancing the clean energy economy and transforming money consciousness. At RREAL, Vicki is the Development Director, she manages the CS4CA program and works with community development leaders in creating strategies and social impact finance mechanisms to build resilient futures that mitigate energy poverty and combat climate change.

Expanding Electric Vehicle (EV) Opportunities in Minnesota

Friday, September 20, 2019

NOTE: This forum is in conjunction with ReCharge Mankato, Saturday, September 21, 10 AM – 1 PM, Meyers Fieldhouse, Minnesota State University, Mankato. It is free and open to the public.

Download Jukka Kukkonen's presentation

Presenters:

  • Kirk Brown, Recharge America — Recharge America has worked with Mankato community leaders to plan the 2018 and 2019 Recharge Mankato events. Recharge America works to keep energy dollars local by supporting community-based EV promotion and recognition campaigns aimed at capturing for local communities the economic benefits resulting from the rapid adoption of EVs.

  • Jukka Kukkonen, Fresh Energy and PlugInConnectJukka Kukkonen is an automotive engineer by training and worked as a technical trainer and area manager for Ford in Europe. In 2010 he founded PlugInConnect to focus on transportation electrification. Jukka has deep knowledge of the electric vehicle market and he specializes in market dynamics and real-life user perspectives. He has built programs for utility companies, condominium and apartment building charging, workplace charging, DC fast charging, outreach and education and smart grid integration. In 2012 he started the MN EV Owners group, which has become one of the largest and most active regional plug-in vehicle owner groups in the nation.

Learn about Seed Grants to Catalyze Community Clean Energy

Friday, August 9th, 2019

Presenters:

      • Chris Meyer - Southeast CERTs

      • Netty Fiedler - Southwest CERTs

      • Jacob Selseth - West Central CERTs

Click here for Powerpoint presentation


Click here for audio and video recording of Aug 9th forum


Click here for CERTs website

Update on clean energy in Minnesota

Friday, July 12, 2019

Presenter: Joe Sullivan, Deputy Commissioner of the Department of Commerce, Division of Energy Resources


Presentation is here


Television coverage is here

Joseph Sullivan is the Deputy Commissioner for the Division of Energy Resources at the Minnesota Department of Commerce. In this role, Joe leads the Division and supervises the Minnesota State Energy Office and the Energy Planning and Advocacy unit.

Prior to coming to Commerce, Joe was the Manager of Legislative and External Affairs for the Center for Energy and Environment where he worked with policy makers, regulators, utilities, energy advocates, and other key stakeholders to advance energy efficiency and clean energy policy in Minnesota.

Plus: An update on the Volkswagen Settlement grants

  • Craig McDonnell, MPCA Assistant Commissioner on Air and Climate Policy

  • Rebecca Place, MPCA Electric Vehicle Program Coordinator

Recent developments in energy and agriculture (part 2): Ethanol

June 14, 2019

How does ethanol production and use fit in with the energy, economic and environmental goals of southcentral Minnesota?

Featured speakers:

  • Tim Rudnicki, Executive Director, Minnesota Bio-Fuels Association. The presentation is here.

  • Paul Gorman, Agriculture Consultant, ELCEL Solutions; Professor Emeritus, South Central College, Minnesota

Local ethanol in terms of climate and the economy. A presentation to the Southcentral Minnesota Clean Energy Council by Tim Rudnicki of Minnesota Bio-fuels Association on June 14, 2019. See also: Minnesota Bio-fuels Association Resources.

Designing energy-efficient buildings

The PDF of the presentation is here.

Friday, May 10, 2019

Presenters: Ben Juhnke of ISG, a Mankato based design and engineering firm operating in southern Minnesota and northern Iowa, and Paul Trieu of Sustainable 9, an eco-friendly custom home builder based in the Twin Cities

Ben Juhnke, P.E., is a mechanical engineer focused on central utilities and distribution infrastructure projects. He has experience in combined heat and power, district energy, geothermal, thermal energy storage and hydropower. He works for ISG, a full-service engineering and architecture firm with eight offices across the Upper Midwest and is a 2013 graduate of Iowa State University.

Paul Trieu has worked in product design, commercial HVAC and plumbing consulting, PV solar and homebuilding. He runs Counter Entropy, a holistic design approach consulting group, and works for Sustainable 9, an environmentally conscious residential Design + Build firm in Minneapolis. He received a Permaculture Design Certification (PDC) from Milkwood Permaculture in Australia in 2017 and a B.S. in mechanical engineering from Iowa State University in 2012.

Xcel Energy’s long-term plan to cut carbon emissions 80% by 2030 and deliver 100% carbon-free electricity by 2050

March 8, 2019

Bria Shea, Director of Regulatory and Strategic Analysis for Xcel Energy, will present on Xcel Energy’s long term resource plans and strategy to cut its carbon emissions by 80 percent by 2030 and ultimately deliver 100 percent carbon-free electricity by 2050. Shea’s presentation will address Xcel Energy’s current resource/power supply mix, how Xcel Energy plans their system for the future, and how individuals can get involved in the process.

For more information, see "Leading the Clean Energy Transition: Our bold vision for 2030 and 2050".

See also Xcel Energy's Carbon Report.

Bria Shea's presentation is here.

Recent developments in energy and agriculture (part 1): Biodiesel

February 8, 2019

Corn and soybeans, so important to the economy, are used for more than animal feed and human consumption. This Southcentral Clean Energy Council forum will address soy as a component of diesel fuel and how it promotes a cleaner environment.

Featured speakers:

  • Mike Youngerberg, Senior Director of Product Development and Commercialization with Minnesota Soybean Growers and Executive Director of the Minnesota Biodiesel Council. In 2018, he received the National Biodiesel Board Impact Award.

  • Kevin Hennessy, Biofuels Specialist, Division of Agricultural Marketing and Development, Minnesota Department of Agriculture.

  • Dr. Gregg Johnson, Agronomist, University of Minnesota, Southern Research and Outreach Center, Waseca.

The South Central Minnesota Clean Energy Council promotes the understanding of renewable energy, energy conservation and energy sustainability.

From a presentation by Mike Youngerberg of the Minnesota Soybean Growers Association to the Southcentral Minnesota Clean Energy Council on February 8, 2019.

From a presentation by Dr. Gregg Johnson of the University of Minnesota Southern Research and Outreach Center in Waseca to the Southcentral Minnesota Clean Energy Council on February 8, 2019.

From a presentation by Kevin Hennessy, Bioenergy Manager for Agricultural Marketing and Development, to the Southcentral Minnesota Clean Energy Council on February 8, 2019.

What to expect on energy issues from the 2019 Minnesota legislative session

Friday, January 11, 2019

Presenters:

  • Sen. Nick Frentz, Mankato

  • Rep. Jeff Brand, St. Peter

  • Rep. Jack Considine, Mankato

Media coverage:

Financing clean energy projects in southern Minnesota

Friday, December 14, 2018

Presenter: Peter Lindstrom, Manager, Public Sector & Community Engagement, Clean Energy Resource Teams (CERTs)

Peter Lindstrom will discuss financing clean energy projects with a particular focus on Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE). He will highlight how businesses in Southern Minnesota are utilizing this tool to accomplish energy efficiency and renewable projects. He will also discuss how businesses and nonprofits can receive free energy assessments, tools to find the right contractor, and financial incentives to help get the project off the ground.

Peter Lindstrom is the public sector & community engagement manager for the Clean Energy Resource Teams, a statewide partnership with a shared mission to connect individuals and their communities to the resources they need to identify and implement community-based clean energy projects. In this role, Peter is responsible for empowering communities to adopt energy conservation, energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies and practices.

Peter has 20 years of experience working on public policy, particularly in the science and technology area. He served as an assistant director at the Hubert H. Humphrey School of Public Affairs and vice president of public affairs at the Minnesota High Tech Association. He is also Mayor of Falcon Heights.

What Minnesota Can Learn From Germany on Energy Policy - Free Luncheon Forum

Friday, December 14, 2018

South Central College - Heritage Hall, 1920 Lee Blvd, North Mankato, MN 56003

Southern Minnesota is an emerging leader in renewable energy. Over the past several years, legislative leaders from across the region have connected with business leaders, farmers, and city leaders in Germany to learn how the transition to renewable energy produces a clean energy future and new economic opportunities.

Presented by Greater Mankato Growth

Great River Energy’s 50% x 2030 Renewable Energy Goal

Mark Rathbun, Great River Energy

The fact sheet is here.

Friday, Nov. 9, 2018

In May 2018, Great River Energy adopted a corporate goal to achieve 50 percent renewable energy for its 20 all-requirements member-owner cooperatives by 2030. Great River Energy had already met Minnesota’s 25 percent renewable energy standard in 2017, eight years ahead of the requirement. The goal establishes interim goals of 30 percent by 2020 and 40 percent by 2025.

Evolving its power supply portfolio by delivering even more renewable energy to its member-owner cooperatives will help them remain competitive in a changing market. Great River Energy has spent more than a decade positioning its portfolio, lowering costs and reducing dependence on coal as a fuel source while improving the overall flexibility of its generation portfolio. These measures have resulted in a 35 percent reduction in Great River Energy’s carbon dioxide emissions since 2005.

Minnesota's Electric System in Transition

Friday, October 12, 2018

Joe Sullivan

Joe Sullivan is Manager of Strategic Relations for the Center for Energy and Environment. He works with policy makers, regulators, utilities, energy advocates, and other key stakeholders to advance energy efficiency and clean energy in Minnesota. Prior to joining CEE, Joe was the Regional Policy Manager – West for Wind on the Wires (WOW). Before that, he spent six and a half years representing a municipal power agency and greater Minnesota cities as a senior attorney at Flaherty & Hood P.A. in St. Paul, Minn. He will speak on energy changes in Minnesota.

Joe Sullivan's presentation: "Minnesota's Electric System in Transition".


Rural renewable energy systems in Africa, India and Indonesia

Friday, October 12, 2018

Jim Dontje

Jim Dontje is Director of the Johnson Center for Environmental Innovation at Gustavus Adolphus College where he helps guide campus sustainability and renewable energy efforts. His undergraduate degree from Luther College in Decatur, Iowa, was in physics, and his graduate work was at the University of Minnesota in Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering. He will speak on his recent experience in Africa and India on how those areas are developing decentralized renewable energy systems.

Environmental Stewardship in Mankato: Renewable energy, energy efficiency and water quality

Friday, September 14, 2018

Presenter: Alison Zelms, Deputy City Manager of Mankato

NOTE: The summary of this presentation is on the City of Mankato website under "Energy Efficiency and Environmental Stewardship in Mankato".

The City of Mankato has made significant investments in renewable energy, energy efficiency and water quality in the last ten years. This presentation will focus on the city’s key initiatives, including being an anchor subscriber in a number of solar gardens, partnering with the energy service company Ameresco on a guaranteed energy savings program for city operations, and making energy improvements to the city’s water resource recovery facilities. Ms. Zelms will review the status of energy investment in Mankato and discuss the ongoing challenge of balancing community investments in a way that addresses needs, controls costs and assures the community’s vitality for years to come.